Editorial Policies

Size : Papers should comprise approximately 700-2000 words including  gures, tables and references.

Title page : The  rst page of each paper should indicate the title, the authors’ names, the institute where the work was conducted, and a short title for use as running head.

Full address : The exact postal address of the corresponding author complete with postal code must be given.

Key words : For indexing purposes, a list of 3–5 key words in English is essential for all papers.

Abstract : Normally each paper needs an abstract of not more than 150 words. It should contain the following information: purpose of the study, procedures, results, conclusions and message of the paper. Abstracts submitted for publication in the section Original Papers should be structured as follows :

Background : What is the major problem that prompted the study

Objective : What is the purpose of the study ?

Methods : How was the study performed ?

Results: Most important  findings ?

Conclusion : Most important conclusion ?


Footnotes : Avoid footnotes. When essential, they are numbered consecutively and typed at the foot of the appropriate page.

Formatting rules :

Do not use any special page layout. If you would like to see what your manuscript looks like with embedded tables and illustrations, remember that we need text and illustrations as separate  les!

Enter your text continuously  ush left. Do not use hard returns ("enter") within a paragraph, only at its end.

Do not use footer and header functions.

Use boldface and italics as well as sub- and superscript where appropriate.

Use your word-processing program to insert Greek letters, mathematical symbols, etc.

Legends : The legends to your  gures are part of the text and should be listed at the end of your text  le.

Line Drawings

Black and White Half-Tone Images, Color Illustrations


For processing and retouching scanned half-tone images, Photoshop is recommended. Please save the original scan as well as your processed version.

Export black and white half-tones and color illustrations as TIF or EPS format, as close as possible to their anticipated size in print.

Save them as separate  les, not embedded in the text.

Scanned line drawings must be digitalized with a resolution of at least 800, better 1000 dpi (dots per inch) after scaling.

Scanned half-tone images should be digitalized with an  nal resolution of 300 dpi, a 12 bit grayscale accuracy and a density range of 2.8. Screen values must lie between 5% and 95%.

Scanned color illustrations must be digitalized in RGB mode with a resolution of at least 300 dpi, a 32 bit accuracy and a density range of 2.8.


Make sure that your original has the resolution values in this table after scaling, otherwise the printing quality may be inadequate.